Congressional Debate #
Congressional Debate typically appeals to students who are interested in socially and politically interacting with peers to discuss a problem in a group setting. Using Robert’s Rules of Order, students give alternating, brief affirmative and negative speeches, followed by questioning periods.
|Constructs advocacy by explaining need for the legislation to solve/mitigate a problem, and how it will do that.
|Questioning of Sponsor
|Presiding officer recognizes 4 students to each engage in a 30-second direct question-and-answer periods with the sponsor.
|Constructs opposition by explaining how attempting to solve/mitigate a problem with the legislation will fail to meet objectives or will make the problem worse
|Questioning of First Negative
|Presiding officer recognizes 4 students to each engage in a 30-second direct question-and-answer periods with the first negative.
|Refutes opponents’ arguments by explaining why they are incorrect and extends previous arguments on the same side to related concepts or more in-depth exploration.
|Presiding officer recognizes 2 students to each engage in a 30-second direct question-and-answer period.
|Debate on each item of legislation may last up to an hour and a half (depending on how many delegates are assigned to a room, at which time, the presiding officer takes a vote of delegates.
Sponsorship Speech Structure
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Introduction to Congressional Debate
Subsequent Speech Structure
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Feb. 2023 WISDAA Webinar
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Parliamentary Procedure + Presiding
Functional Civics in Debate
Start of Congressional Round
Congressional Debate Example, In Person
Congressional Debate, Emory Univ. Online
World Schools Debate #
World Schools Debate is a three-on-three format. While a given team may consist of five members, only three students from a team participate in a given debate. Resolutions come in two types: prepared motions and impromptu motions. Teams will be assigned one of two sides in each round- either the proposition team proposing/advocating for/supporting the motion or the opposition team advocating against/rejecting of the motion. Debaters present their position on a topic, refute their opponents, and respond to questions throughout the course of the debate.
|Proposition Team Speaker 1
|Define/clarify the motion, describe status quo, introduce the proposition case.
|Opposition Team Speaker 1
|Refute proposition arguments, offer counter-case or just argue against the motion.
|Proposition Team Speaker 2
|Refute opposition’s arguments and respond to their refutations, and extend proposition case.
|Opposition Team Speaker 2
|Refute proposition’s arguments and respond to their refutations, and extend opposition case.
|Proposition Team Speaker 3
|Disprove the opposition, deepening analysis and pointing out strategic mistakes/inconsistencies, rebuild the proposition case and how the opposition inadequately disproves them.
|Opposition Team Speaker 3
|Disprove the proposition, deepening analysis and pointing out strategic mistakes/inconsistencies, rebuild the opposition case and how the proposition inadequately disproves them.
|Distill the debate to key points by explaining why those key points emerged, and why those ought to be the focus of determining how the opposition should prevail.
|Distill the debate to key points by explaining why those key points emerged, and why those ought to be the focus of determining how the proposition should prevail.
World Schools Debate Overview
World Schools Debate Example
World Schools First Speaker
World Schools Second Speaker
World Schools Third Speaker
World Schools Reply Speech
World Schools Points of Information
World Schools In-Round Etiquette